Foodstuff

Madagascar is a country with great agricultural potential. The food sector is the heart of the Malagasy economy. Large areas of usable land are still unexploited (there is 9.5 million hectares of usable land).

80% of the population is involved in the agricultural sector and in 2000, contributed to 31.8% of Gross Domestic Product (Source: Madagascar Central Bank). The country has an important agri-business potential taking into account the enormous agricultural potential. 26% of all formal Malagasy industrial businesses accounted for in the agricultural sector.

Agri-business is the most important branch since it represents more than 37% of the total industrial production. For “canned and vegetable” products, Madagascar is the main exporter in Indian Ocean region. Other products also represent a potentiality for export, such as green beans, green pepper, pickling mushrooms, frozen vegetables… The dry vegetables are also part of the main exporting products in this sector.

Here below, some statistic data of the production and export.

Production

Branches/products Unit 1998 1999 2000
Production T
Sugar T 60 278 61 369 70 936
Wheat flour T 42 000 20 969 38 378
Candies T 1 441 1 474 1 651
Biscuits T 195 154 194
Concentrated milk T 1 245 1 033 2 143
Cooking oil T 1 280 1 037 1 334
Concentrated Milk T 709 1 083 973
Pasta T 84 049 ND ND
Fruits and vegetables canned T
Exportations
Sugar T 688 2 674 848
Cocoa T 88 1 041 15

Exportation of biological products

Branches/products Unit 1998
Rabusta coffee 210 045 350 410
Arabica coffee 7 550 18 950
Vanilla 8 640 14 890
Vanilla Extracts 350 30
Black Pepper 12 500 17 200
Green Pepper 4 420 10 800
Cannela 7 690 5 520
Cloves 1 645 8 290
Palm Oil 323 460 216 350

Sector potentialities and opportunities :

Madagascar’s diversified climates and relief offer a range of agricultural possibilities. Indeed, each area of the Big Island is characterized by a climate proper for any kind of culture which do not require a cold climate below O°C.

The Malagasy soils represent significant arable surfaces: 5 000.000 ha constituting 8,4% of the total of the national territory.