Madagascar is a country with great agricultural potential. The food sector is the heart of the Malagasy economy. Large areas of usable land are still unexploited (there is 9.5 million hectares of usable land).
80% of the population is involved in the agricultural sector and in 2000, contributed to 31.8% of Gross Domestic Product (Source: Madagascar Central Bank). The country has an important agri-business potential taking into account the enormous agricultural potential. 26% of all formal Malagasy industrial businesses accounted for in the agricultural sector.
Agri-business is the most important branch since it represents more than 37% of the total industrial production. For “canned and vegetable” products, Madagascar is the main exporter in Indian Ocean region. Other products also represent a potentiality for export, such as green beans, green pepper, pickling mushrooms, frozen vegetables… The dry vegetables are also part of the main exporting products in this sector.
Here below, some statistic data of the production and export.
|Sugar||T||60 278||61 369||70 936|
|Wheat flour||T||42 000||20 969||38 378|
|Candies||T||1 441||1 474||1 651|
|Concentrated milk||T||1 245||1 033||2 143|
|Cooking oil||T||1 280||1 037||1 334|
|Concentrated Milk||T||709||1 083||973|
|Fruits and vegetables canned||T||–||–||–|
Exportation of biological products
|Rabusta coffee||210 045||350 410|
|Arabica coffee||7 550||18 950|
|Vanilla||8 640||14 890|
|Black Pepper||12 500||17 200|
|Green Pepper||4 420||10 800|
|Cannela||7 690||5 520|
|Cloves||1 645||8 290|
|Palm Oil||323 460||216 350|
Sector potentialities and opportunities :
Madagascar’s diversified climates and relief offer a range of agricultural possibilities. Indeed, each area of the Big Island is characterized by a climate proper for any kind of culture which do not require a cold climate below OÂ°C.
The Malagasy soils represent significant arable surfaces: 5 000.000 ha constituting 8,4% of the total of the national territory.